Herb: alterative, antipyretic,
hemostatic, laxative, nervine, rejuvenative, tonic, vulnerary.
Roots and leaves are cholagogues.
Root-tonic, alterative, emetic, purgative.
Leaf juice-hepatic tonic and deobstruent
aging. The herb maintains and rejuvenates hair, teeth, bones, memory, sight, and hearing.
hair tonic - oil removes graying, balding, makes the hair darker. Make a hair
oil by boiling leaf juice in coconut oil. This is useful to remove gray hair and balding.
rejuvenative: for kidneys, and liver.
It improves complexion.
sleep - oil promotes deep sleep.
uterine hemorrhaging - Use two to four ounces of leaf decoction twice daily
Roots and leaves are largely
used alone or in combination with ajowan seeds in derangements of the liver and
gall bladder. They have also been used as substitutes for Taraxacum, a liver tonic.