Astringent, alterative and
antiperiodic, antibilious, diuretic, expectorant, purgative.
Uses and Dosage
For Renal Dropsies
Make a decoction by adding
2 oz. of the plant to 1.5 pints of water. Boil for 20 - 30 minutes.
Strain. This is a good diuretic. Useful for renal dropsies.
Dose: one to two ounces of the mixture two or three times daily.
For stomach ache and bowel complaints, piles, boils, skin eruptions etc.
Use the leaf juice.
For diarrhea and dysentery
A decoction of powdered leaves with
honey or sugar candy is useful in the early stages of diarrhea and
Grind fresh leaves into a paste.
Mix it with jaggery or black pepper and garlic. Form it into pills. This
is a good antiperiodic especially in quartan fevers.
For dropsies such as
Mix the ashes from the
roots of the herb with water and jaggery. This is said to cure dropsies such as
ascites, anasarca etc.
A pinch of the root-powder with a pinch of pepper powder and honey is a
remedy for cough.
For bites of poisonous insects, wasps, bees
Rub the leaves into a paste with water.
Apply this into the affected area.
Grind the flowering spikes of the
seeds into a paste with water. Apply externally to the affected region for
bites of poisonous snakes and reptiles.
For syphilitic sores
Extract fresh juice from the leaves.
Thicken the juice by evaporating by exposing to the sun. Mix it with a little opium.
Apply to primary syphilitic sores.
Payasam or Kheer made of seeds in milk is a good remedy for
An Infusion of the root is a
mild astringent useful in bowel complaints.
Seeds are used as an expectorant, or mixed with rice water for bleeding hemorrhoids.
Seed soaked in buttermilk during the night and ground into an emulsion the next morning is
a cure for biliousness.
Leaf juice applied to skin for overexposure to the sun. Leaves or seeds are used for poisonous animal bites.